Land logistics has, how could it be otherwise, its own characteristics. Compared to others, such as maritime or air, this makes it face its own problems and peculiarities and a different evolution from the rest.
At this point we do not want to say that traffic jams cannot occur in maritime and air transport. But of course its shape is different from that of the traffic jams of land logistics. In road transport, on many occasions, the traffic jam is part of the day to day and is taken into account when drawing up routes and deliveries.
Conversely, at sea and in the air, traffic jams are not so commonplace in everyday life, but when they do occur, their action can be devastating. For example, the port of Shanghai is currently having difficulties managing the volume of merchandise it has pending. Or just remember all the trouble that happened last year when the Ever Given got stuck in the Suez Canal.
Here we are not talking about delays of a few hours in the daily delivery, but about congestion that can jeopardize supply chains worldwide.
The presence of large urban centers affects road transport in a very different way. Obviously, large cities usually have both an airport and a port, when they have a coast. But the implications in one case and in another have little to do.
When land logistics is carried out in densely populated areas, it has to face very specific challenges. We have already talked about traffic jams, but there are other aspects such as schedules, limited access in central areas and/or on designated days or the concentration of deliveries that affect how the entire operation is managed and prepared.
Proximity warehouses in land logistics
Continuing with the previous point, one of the solutions that are on the table when it comes to dealing with the particularities of logistics in urban centers is that of proximity stores. The idea is to establish a greater number of stores, but smaller ones, in places closer to urban centers. These types of solutions try to reduce the space to be traveled by vehicles, avoiding exits and entrances from cities to large storage places, usually located in peripheral points.
Direct deal with recipient
In contrast to the world of the ship and the plane, land logistics is the one that is usually related to the final recipient of the merchandise. This is because it is the one that usually makes the last stretch of the journey. Because even if they send us by boat what we have bought in an electronic store on the other side of the world, it will hardly dock at the door of our houses.
This situation means that it is land logistics that deals with the absence of recipients, the coordination of deliveries and the closest contact with the end customer.